In the context of national efforts to develop and implement mental health policies, it is important not only to protect and promote the psychological well-being of its citizens but also to meet the needs of people with specific mental disorders.
Our knowledge of what to do about the growing burden of mental disorders has improved dramatically over the past decade. There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of major interventions for priority mental disorders in countries at various levels of economic development. The following are examples of cost-effective, affordable and affordable interventions:
Treatment of epilepsy with antiepileptic drugs; Treating depression with psychotherapy, and with antidepressants (produced as generic drugs) in moderate to severe depression.
Treating psychosis with old antipsychotic medicines in addition to psychosocial support.
Taxing alcoholic beverages and restricting their availability and marketing. There is also a range of effective measures to prevent suicides, prevent and treat mental disorders among children, prevent and treat cases of dementia, and treat drug-related disorders.
The Mental Health Gap Action Program has prepared evidence-based guidelines for non-specialists to enable them to diagnose and manage priority mental health conditions.
WHO response ??
WHO supports governments in achieving the goal of improving and promoting mental health, has evaluated the evidence for mental health promotion, and is working with governments to spread this information and integrate effective strategies into policies and plans.
In 2013, the World Health Assembly approved a “Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020”.
The plan represents a commitment by all member states of the organization to take specific measures to improve mental health and contribute to achieving a set of global goals.
The overall goal of the action plan is to promote psychological recovery, prevent mental disorders, provide care, support recovery, promote human rights and reduce mortality, morbidity, and disability for people with mental disorders. It focuses on 4 main goals to achieve the following:
Promote effective leadership and management of mental health issues; Providing comprehensive and integrated health care services that respond to the needs of the population and social care services in community health facilities. Implement strategies to promote mental health and prevention; Strengthening information systems, evidence, and research necessary for mental health.
Special attention is given to the action plan for protecting and promoting human rights, strengthening and empowering civil society, and to the central place in community care.
In order to achieve its goals, the action plan proposes and requires clear actions that governments, international partners and WHO must take.
Ministries of health will have to take a leadership role and WHO will work with it and with international and national partners, including civil society, to implement the plan.
In the absence of any measures that are appropriate for all countries, each government will have to adapt the action plan to its specific national circumstances.
Implementation of the action plan will allow persons with mental disorders to obtain the following:
Easily access mental health and social care services; Treatment by health workers with the necessary skills in public health care facilities; this process facilitates the WHO work program on Bridging the Mental Health Gap and its evidence-based tools.
Participate in reorganizing, providing and evaluating services so that care and treatment become more responsive to needs.
Increase access to government disability benefits, housing, and livelihood programs, and improve participation in work, community life, and civil affairs.