Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health diseases, which are disorders that affect mood, thinking, and behavior, mental illnesses include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders, and addictive behaviors, and in this article, we will learn about the different types of mental illness, How can it be diagnosed?
Tests and diagnostics
To determine the diagnosis and verify any associated complications, you may do the following:
- Physical examination: The doctor will try to rule out physical problems that can cause your symptoms.
- Laboratory tests: These tests may include checking thyroid function or alcohol or drug use tests, for example.
- Psychological evaluation: The doctor or mental health service provider will talk to you about your symptoms, thoughts, feelings, and patterns of behavior. You may be asked to fill out a questionnaire to help answer these questions.
Determine which mental illness you are suffering from
It is sometimes difficult to know what mental illness is causing your symptoms, but taking the time and making the effort to reach an accurate diagnosis can help determine the appropriate treatment.
The specific symptoms for each mental illness are detailed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association.
Mental health service providers use this guide to diagnose mental illness, and insurance companies use it to pay for treatment.
Types of mental illness
The main types of mental illness are:
- Nervous growth disorders: This category covers a wide range of problems that usually begin in infancy, during childhood, or adolescence, and examples of these disorders include autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, and learning disorders.
- Schizophrenia and other mental disorders: Mental disorders cause separation from reality (delusions, paranoia, and hallucinations). The most prominent example of these disorders is schizophrenia, although other categories of disorders can be linked to separation from reality at times.
- Bipolar disorder and related disorders: This group includes disorders with variable manic episodes periods of hyperactivity, energy, and excitement and depression.
- Depressive disorders: This category includes disorders that affect how you feel emotionally, such as the level of sadness and happiness, and examples include major depressive disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
- Anxiety disorders: Anxiety is an emotion characterized by anticipation of danger or misfortune in the future and accompanied by a feeling of nervousness and discomfort, and this category includes generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and phobias.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder and related disorders: These disorders include preoccupations or obsessions, repetitive thoughts, and actions, and examples include obsessive-compulsive disorder, compulsive hoarding disorder, and hair removal disorder (trichotillomania).
- Trauma-related disorders and stress factors: These are adaptive disorders in which a person experiences difficulty adapting during a stressful event of life events or after it. Examples include PTSD and acute stress disorder.
- Schismatic disorders: It is a disorder in which you feel disoriented, such as dissociative identity disorder and schizophrenic amnesia.