Fungi: Fungi usually causes many skin diseases, such as Tinea capitis or finger fungi. Fungi can cause difficult diseases that affect various organs in the body, such as the respiratory system or the nervous system.
Parasites: Parasites cause diseases such as malaria or river blindness, which are less common in western countries.
The infection may be caught on direct contact, that is, on contact with a person who is pregnant with a contaminated worker with a disease such as:
Exposure to another person who is sick – transmission of infection from a sick person may be through direct contact or through body fluids (which are transmitted through the kiss, cough or sneeze).
Some animals are carriers of contaminated factors, and are transmitted to humans when receiving a bite from the infected animal, or by exposure to the secretions resulting from the animal by touch.
The infection may be transmitted to the fetus if the pregnant mother is infected, by the umbilical cord or at the time of birth through the birth canals.
The infection may also be transmitted indirectly, when the carrier is a carrier of the contaminated agent, but without being infected with the disease, for example:
When touching contaminated surfaces.
When eating food that contains contaminating factors. Exposure to a carrier of a pollutant, such as mosquitoes, fleas, and lice. All people are at risk of infection, but the risk of infection in people with low immunity is greater.
Groups of people at greater risk than others include:
People with autoimmune diseases, people receiving steroid-containing treatments, people receiving anti-cancer treatments, people who have had organ transplants and HIV / AIDS patients.
Complications of infectious diseases
The contamination state usually ends quickly and without the need for specific treatment, and sometimes even the patient does not feel any symptoms when infected with these tablets.
However, various symptoms and complications may occur. For example, permanent damage to one of the organs of the body may arise if it is exposed to pollution, such as infection with kidney inflammation (Pyelonephritis) or as damage to other organs from the primary pollution center, such as Rheumatic fever. There are also types of infections, which may increase the risk of diseases such as the human papillomavirus (HPV), which increases the risk of developing uterine cancer. Among the infections that may put the person at risk of death are pneumonia, meningitis and AIDS.
Diagnosis of infectious diseases
A large number of the body’s systems are affected by pollution, so the tests needed to diagnose the infection are different according to the clinical expectations of the attending physician. Infectious diseases are detected in the following ways:
Blood test: It is possible to find indications of a process of pollution in the body through a blood test, when performing a white cell count. In some cases, this test is sufficient to detect the type of contamination.
Urine test: This test is important, especially when diagnosing infections in the urinary system, but it goes beyond that, to detect infections in other body systems. Stain for the throat: This test is usually used to diagnose infections in the area of the throat, and other diseases that affect the respiratory system.
Imaging test: Some cases require imaging tests: such as X-ray imaging, X-ray, computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Biopsy: Diagnosis by taking a sample from the affected area.